After felling or dismantling, the stump of the tree is normally left at or near ground level. Stump Grinding involves removing the stump and roots of the removed tree. The stump is mechanically ground to a specific depth to allow the ground to be reseeded, turfed or built upon. The depth of the grinding is dependant on the tree and the location.
Pollarding is an ancient form of tree management that is still used on a selection of species. This process is first started when the tree is quite young and has reached a desired height. Branches are pruned back to the same point (Pollard Head) every 2-5 years and is a management system used to control the growth of a tree throughout its life.
The maintenance of the hedge, trimming to the required height and shape.
This process is simply removing any dead, dying or diseased wood from the tree to improve the overall aesthetics. The removal of such branches reduces the risk of falling debris on property or persons.
Thinning involves removing internal branches of the tree, reducing the density of the crown but not the overall size and shape, thus improving light penetration and air movement. Dead and diseased branches are removed first, followed by crossing / rubbing branches and secondary growth. Then if necessary other branches to achieve the desired effect. If thinned too much the tree becomes stressed and re-growth appears very quickly, which reverses the benefit of the process.
Crown lifting is the pruning of the tree’s lower branches to increase the clearance between the base of the canopy and the ground level. This allows more light intensity below the crown and removes the temptation for the tree to be climbed. To avoid damage to the tree it is recommended that this type of pruning is done where possible before the tree reaches maturity.
Crown reduction or shaping, usually involves reducing the peripheral branches evenly throughout the tree canopy to decrease the height and spread of a tree. Depending on the tree’s shape this can be done partial or localised to create a more aesthetically pleasing shape. This technique is performed for reasons such as: The tree is obstructing a building, The tree/branches are dangerous or for aesthetic reasons.
If a tree needs to be removed but there is little or no space to safely
fell the tree – then the tree must be dismantled piece by piece. Heavy and
oversized branches are lowered to the ground by the climber using lowering
equipment/ropes. Techniques used are unique to the character of the tree,
location and surrounding environment.
Felling is the complete removal of the tree in one single procedure. There are various techniques and machinery used to ensure the controlled directional fall of the tree. This can only be done if space allows.